4.1.2Evolutie van de publicaties

Zoals in de eerste sectie van dit hoofdstuk beschreven, zijn de werkadressen doorslaggevend bij de toewijzing van publicaties aan Vlaanderen en aan de referentielanden. Er wordt een ‘volledig’ telschema gebruikt, d.w.z. indien een publicatie co-auteurs met werkadressen in verschillende landen heeft, dan wordt deze aan alle betrokken landen als één volledige publicatie toegewezen.

Om de toename van publicaties en de wijzigingen aan de tijdschriftendekking van het WoS bronbestand te kunnen compenseren, worden het Vlaamse en het nationale aandeel in het wereldtotaal tijdens de periode 2005-2017 berekend. Tabel 1 geeft de evolutie van de publicatieoutput weer op basis van publicatieactiviteit van Vlaanderen en de elf referentielanden per 10.000 inwoners in alle wetenschapsgebieden samen. De berekening van de Vlaamse publicatieoutput, rekening houdend met Brusselse publicaties, is hoger beschreven. De bevolkingsaantallen zijn gebaseerd op openbare informatie gepubliceerd door EUROSTAT.

Tabel 1. Evolutie van publicatieoutput van Vlaanderen

Publicaties per 10.000 inwoners

VL+BEDNKFINFRADEUIRLITANLDPRCESPSWEGBR
200515.5213.7718.2117.189.459.9911.087.6115.970.587.7720.4914.77
200615.4813.4717.8417.239.109.7411.427.6215.910.658.0919.7414.54
200716.1113.5918.1516.968.899.5811.807.8115.870.698.1019.7814.61
200818.4015.8020.5719.0410.4910.9514.148.9518.220.879.8221.5616.05
200918.7416.3021.0719.3310.5411.2614.679.1119.240.9710.1921.8916.20
201019.2916.3322.2119.0710.2311.1815.609.0719.611.0310.2622.1916.05
201120.6517.4124.7319.9410.6011.8216.529.5720.751.1911.2022.7616.68
201222.6118.6827.0521.4111.0412.8317.1810.4422.661.4012.1425.1317.68
201323.2619.0227.9721.8811.1612.8017.0910.8422.871.6212.2526.0217.74
201424.8920.2932.0124.2211.5813.6118.2011.3824.471.9113.1328.0318.71
201525.7620.8333.2324.7311.6413.6518.0011.5524.492.1013.1828.4318.86
201625.6520.7034.3725.0011.7513.6718.5311.8824.952.2613.2229.2719.35
201727.2022.2737.5026.3112.5314.6720.3712.7826.472.6314.1531.1820.77
VL+BEDNKFINFRADEUIRLITANLDPRCESPSWEGBR
200515.5213.7718.2117.189.459.9911.087.6115.970.587.7720.4914.77
200615.4813.4717.8417.239.109.7411.427.6215.910.658.0919.7414.54
200716.1113.5918.1516.968.899.5811.807.8115.870.698.1019.7814.61
200818.4015.8020.5719.0410.4910.9514.148.9518.220.879.8221.5616.05
200918.7416.3021.0719.3310.5411.2614.679.1119.240.9710.1921.8916.20
201019.2916.3322.2119.0710.2311.1815.609.0719.611.0310.2622.1916.05
201120.6517.4124.7319.9410.6011.8216.529.5720.751.1911.2022.7616.68
201222.6118.6827.0521.4111.0412.8317.1810.4422.661.4012.1425.1317.68
201323.2619.0227.9721.8811.1612.8017.0910.8422.871.6212.2526.0217.74
201424.8920.2932.0124.2211.5813.6118.2011.3824.471.9113.1328.0318.71
201525.7620.8333.2324.7311.6413.6518.0011.5524.492.1013.1828.4318.86
201625.6520.7034.3725.0011.7513.6718.5311.8824.952.2613.2229.2719.35
201727.2022.2737.5026.3112.5314.6720.3712.7826.472.6314.1531.1820.77
VL+BEDNKFINFRADEUIRLITANLDPRCESPSWEGBR
200515.5213.7718.2117.189.459.9911.087.6115.970.587.7720.4914.77
200615.4813.4717.8417.239.109.7411.427.6215.910.658.0919.7414.54
200716.1113.5918.1516.968.899.5811.807.8115.870.698.1019.7814.61
200818.4015.8020.5719.0410.4910.9514.148.9518.220.879.8221.5616.05
200918.7416.3021.0719.3310.5411.2614.679.1119.240.9710.1921.8916.20
201019.2916.3322.2119.0710.2311.1815.609.0719.611.0310.2622.1916.05
201120.6517.4124.7319.9410.6011.8216.529.5720.751.1911.2022.7616.68
201222.6118.6827.0521.4111.0412.8317.1810.4422.661.4012.1425.1317.68
201323.2619.0227.9721.8811.1612.8017.0910.8422.871.6212.2526.0217.74
201424.8920.2932.0124.2211.5813.6118.2011.3824.471.9113.1328.0318.71
201525.7620.8333.2324.7311.6413.6518.0011.5524.492.1013.1828.4318.86
201625.6520.7034.3725.0011.7513.6718.5311.8824.952.2613.2229.2719.35
201727.2022.2737.5026.3112.5314.6720.3712.7826.472.6314.1531.1820.77

Alle vakgebieden; enkel tijdschriftenliteratuur

Het aantal publicaties per 10.000 inwoners splitst Vlaanderen en de referentielanden in vier groepen op:

  1. Relatieve lage output per hoofd: Duitsland, Frankrijk, Italië en Spanje.
  2. Gemiddelde output per hoofd: Ierland, Verenigd Koninkrijk, België. Hier valt vooral de sterke groei van Ierland op.
  3. Een hoge activiteit per hoofd: Naast de Scandinavische referentielanden ook Nederland en Vlaanderen.
  4. China met een publicatieoutput per capita die één orde van grootte onder die van de eerste groep ligt.

De regio Vlaanderen maakt deel uit van de derde groep. Het aantal publicaties per hoofd neemt in alle referentielanden en in Vlaanderen toe – maar niet overal in dezelfde mate. De groei in Vlaanderen is duidelijk sterker dan in Duitsland, Frankrijk of VK. Terwijl de activiteit per-capita van Vlaanderen en VK op het begin van de periode nog bijna op hetzelfde niveau ligt, is er vanaf 2008 een geprononceerd verschil waarneembaar. In de voorbije jaren heeft de per-capitaproductie van Vlaanderen ook het niveau van Nederland overschreden. Enkel Denemarken en Zweden zijn nog productiever dan Vlaanderen. Opmerkelijk is dat door zijn sterke groei Ierland tot het eind van de periode het niveau van het VK heeft bereikt. De opvallende schommelingen in de proceedingsgegevens hebben gedeeltelijk met de ongelijkmatige organisatie van conferenties en bijgevolg met de sporadische opname van conferentiemateriaal te maken.

Tabel 2. Evolutie van publicatieoutput van Vlaanderen

Publicaties per 10.000 inwoners

VL+BEDNKFINFRADEUIRLITANLDPRCESPSWEGBR
200517.6215.4019.6619.9110.4511.1313.198.7317.550.758.5822.3216.02
200617.1514.8418.9219.3410.0710.7712.878.5917.390.868.8621.3415.64
200718.4115.5019.8220.0310.2810.9713.879.0717.790.999.2721.8616.13
200821.1518.2223.1623.3812.4712.9817.2210.7620.921.3311.4624.5018.22
200920.5418.1822.8622.1512.0012.8316.8310.3821.251.3711.4523.9017.79
201021.3618.2524.0822.2311.7412.8017.8710.4121.711.5111.6024.4117.72
201122.6719.2526.7322.4212.1413.4918.8210.8322.711.6412.4824.8218.27
201225.1720.9829.3724.4012.6014.6119.4811.8424.702.0513.5627.7219.22
201326.1821.3630.2624.9912.7714.6319.2712.4925.002.2814.0028.6319.22
201426.9222.1234.5427.3512.9915.2720.0512.7926.182.3814.3830.5220.11
201528.8123.3036.4928.6813.6415.8820.6813.6327.072.6314.8531.8120.84
201630.5524.5339.7230.8814.6816.8322.5114.9728.362.9815.7834.4622.40
201731.7625.864332.6715.3618.1224.2915.5930.023.5216.7236.2223.75
VL+BEDNKFINFRADEUIRLITANLDPRCESPSWEGBR
200517.6215.4019.6619.9110.4511.1313.198.7317.550.758.5822.3216.02
200617.1514.8418.9219.3410.0710.7712.878.5917.390.868.8621.3415.64
200718.4115.5019.8220.0310.2810.9713.879.0717.790.999.2721.8616.13
200821.1518.2223.1623.3812.4712.9817.2210.7620.921.3311.4624.5018.22
200920.5418.1822.8622.1512.0012.8316.8310.3821.251.3711.4523.9017.79
201021.3618.2524.0822.2311.7412.8017.8710.4121.711.5111.6024.4117.72
201122.6719.2526.7322.4212.1413.4918.8210.8322.711.6412.4824.8218.27
201225.1720.9829.3724.4012.6014.6119.4811.8424.702.0513.5627.7219.22
201326.1821.3630.2624.9912.7714.6319.2712.4925.002.2814.0028.6319.22
201426.9222.1234.5427.3512.9915.2720.0512.7926.182.3814.3830.5220.11
201528.8123.3036.4928.6813.6415.8820.6813.6327.072.6314.8531.8120.84
201630.5524.5339.7230.8814.6816.8322.5114.9728.362.9815.7834.4622.40
201731.7625.864332.6715.3618.1224.2915.5930.023.5216.7236.2223.75
VL+BEDNKFINFRADEUIRLITANLDPRCESPSWEGBR
200517.6215.4019.6619.9110.4511.1313.198.7317.550.758.5822.3216.02
200617.1514.8418.9219.3410.0710.7712.878.5917.390.868.8621.3415.64
200718.4115.5019.8220.0310.2810.9713.879.0717.790.999.2721.8616.13
200821.1518.2223.1623.3812.4712.9817.2210.7620.921.3311.4624.5018.22
200920.5418.1822.8622.1512.0012.8316.8310.3821.251.3711.4523.9017.79
201021.3618.2524.0822.2311.7412.8017.8710.4121.711.5111.6024.4117.72
201122.6719.2526.7322.4212.1413.4918.8210.8322.711.6412.4824.8218.27
201225.1720.9829.3724.4012.6014.6119.4811.8424.702.0513.5627.7219.22
201326.1821.3630.2624.9912.7714.6319.2712.4925.002.2814.0028.6319.22
201426.9222.1234.5427.3512.9915.2720.0512.7926.182.3814.3830.5220.11
201528.8123.3036.4928.6813.6415.8820.6813.6327.072.6314.8531.8120.84
201630.5524.5339.7230.8814.6816.8322.5114.9728.362.9815.7834.4622.40
201731.7625.864332.6715.3618.1224.2915.5930.023.5216.7236.2223.75

Alle vakgebieden; Zowel tijdschriftenliteratuur als bijdragen aan conferenties

Tabel 3 en 4 geven de evolutie van de publicatieoutput weer op basis van het procentuele aandeel van Vlaanderen en de elf referentielanden in het wereldtotaal in alle wetenschapsgebieden samen.

Het Vlaamse aandeel in het wereldtotaal is vanaf 2005 tot 2017 duidelijk gestegen. 

Tabel 3. Evolutie van het aandeel van Vlaanderen, de elf Europese referentielanden en China

Aandeel uitgedrukt door het percentage in het totaal van de databank

VLBEDNKFINFRADEUIRLITANLDPRCESPSWEGBR
20050.91%1.34%0.92%0.84%5.52%7.71%0.43%4.16%2.43%7.04%3.13%1.73%8.29%
20060.92%1.33%0.91%0.85%5.40%7.56%0.45%4.22%2.45%7.94%3.33%1.68%8.27%
20070.96%1.36%0.93%0.84%5.31%7.43%0.48%4.35%2.45%8.59%3.40%1.70%8.38%
20080.94%1.35%0.90%0.81%5.36%7.19%0.50%4.26%2.39%9.15%3.55%1.58%7.85%
20090.94%1.37%0.91%0.80%5.30%7.21%0.51%4.27%2.48%10.10%3.65%1.58%7.79%
20100.99%1.40%0.97%0.81%5.23%7.23%0.55%4.33%2.57%10.82%3.73%1.64%7.87%
20111.00%1.42%1.02%0.80%5.13%7.19%0.56%4.23%2.57%11.86%3.85%1.60%7.76%
20121.02%1.42%1.04%0.80%4.97%7.09%0.54%4.27%2.61%13.00%3.91%1.64%7.73%
20131.04%1.43%1.06%0.81%4.96%6.99%0.53%4.39%2.60%14.85%3.88%1.69%7.69%
20141.04%1.42%1.13%0.83%4.79%6.90%0.53%4.34%2.59%16.33%3.84%1.70%7.56%
20151.07%1.45%1.17%0.84%4.80%6.88%0.52%4.36%2.57%17.82%3.80%1.72%7.59%
20161.06%1.43%1.20%0.84%4.80%6.89%0.54%4.42%2.60%19.04%3.77%1.77%7.77%
20171.04%1.43%1.22%0.82%4.75%6.87%0.55%4.40%2.57%20.62%3.74%1.77%7.76%
VLBEDNKFINFRADEUIRLITANLDPRCESPSWEGBR
20050.91%1.34%0.92%0.84%5.52%7.71%0.43%4.16%2.43%7.04%3.13%1.73%8.29%
20060.92%1.33%0.91%0.85%5.40%7.56%0.45%4.22%2.45%7.94%3.33%1.68%8.27%
20070.96%1.36%0.93%0.84%5.31%7.43%0.48%4.35%2.45%8.59%3.40%1.70%8.38%
20080.94%1.35%0.90%0.81%5.36%7.19%0.50%4.26%2.39%9.15%3.55%1.58%7.85%
20090.94%1.37%0.91%0.80%5.30%7.21%0.51%4.27%2.48%10.10%3.65%1.58%7.79%
20100.99%1.40%0.97%0.81%5.23%7.23%0.55%4.33%2.57%10.82%3.73%1.64%7.87%
20111.00%1.42%1.02%0.80%5.13%7.19%0.56%4.23%2.57%11.86%3.85%1.60%7.76%
20121.02%1.42%1.04%0.80%4.97%7.09%0.54%4.27%2.61%13.00%3.91%1.64%7.73%
20131.04%1.43%1.06%0.81%4.96%6.99%0.53%4.39%2.60%14.85%3.88%1.69%7.69%
20141.04%1.42%1.13%0.83%4.79%6.90%0.53%4.34%2.59%16.33%3.84%1.70%7.56%
20151.07%1.45%1.17%0.84%4.80%6.88%0.52%4.36%2.57%17.82%3.80%1.72%7.59%
20161.06%1.43%1.20%0.84%4.80%6.89%0.54%4.42%2.60%19.04%3.77%1.77%7.77%
20171.04%1.43%1.22%0.82%4.75%6.87%0.55%4.40%2.57%20.62%3.74%1.77%7.76%
VLBEDNKFINFRADEUIRLITANLDPRCESPSWEGBR
20050.91%1.34%0.92%0.84%5.52%7.71%0.43%4.16%2.43%7.04%3.13%1.73%8.29%
20060.92%1.33%0.91%0.85%5.40%7.56%0.45%4.22%2.45%7.94%3.33%1.68%8.27%
20070.96%1.36%0.93%0.84%5.31%7.43%0.48%4.35%2.45%8.59%3.40%1.70%8.38%
20080.94%1.35%0.90%0.81%5.36%7.19%0.50%4.26%2.39%9.15%3.55%1.58%7.85%
20090.94%1.37%0.91%0.80%5.30%7.21%0.51%4.27%2.48%10.10%3.65%1.58%7.79%
20100.99%1.40%0.97%0.81%5.23%7.23%0.55%4.33%2.57%10.82%3.73%1.64%7.87%
20111.00%1.42%1.02%0.80%5.13%7.19%0.56%4.23%2.57%11.86%3.85%1.60%7.76%
20121.02%1.42%1.04%0.80%4.97%7.09%0.54%4.27%2.61%13.00%3.91%1.64%7.73%
20131.04%1.43%1.06%0.81%4.96%6.99%0.53%4.39%2.60%14.85%3.88%1.69%7.69%
20141.04%1.42%1.13%0.83%4.79%6.90%0.53%4.34%2.59%16.33%3.84%1.70%7.56%
20151.07%1.45%1.17%0.84%4.80%6.88%0.52%4.36%2.57%17.82%3.80%1.72%7.59%
20161.06%1.43%1.20%0.84%4.80%6.89%0.54%4.42%2.60%19.04%3.77%1.77%7.77%
20171.04%1.43%1.22%0.82%4.75%6.87%0.55%4.40%2.57%20.62%3.74%1.77%7.76%

alle vakgebieden samen; enkel tijdschriftenliteratuur

Tabel 4.

Evolutie van het procentuele aandeel van Vlaanderen, de elf Europese referentielanden en China in het totaal van de databank

VLBEDNKFINFRADEUIRLITANLDPRCESPSWEGBR
20050.88%1.29%0.85%0.84%5.24%7.36%0.43%4.09%2.29%7.83%2.96%1.61%7.71%
20060.88%1.28%0.84%0.83%5.19%7.27%0.44%4.13%2.33%9.23%3.17%1.58%7.74%
20070.92%1.29%0.85%0.83%5.12%7.11%0.47%4.22%2.29%10.27%3.24%1.57%7.72%
20080.87%1.26%0.82%0.80%5.16%6.90%0.49%4.15%2.22%11.38%3.35%1.45%7.21%
20090.88%1.30%0.84%0.79%5.15%7.01%0.50%4.15%2.33%12.14%3.49%1.47%7.30%
20100.92%1.32%0.89%0.79%5.06%6.98%0.53%4.19%2.40%13.40%3.56%1.52%7.33%
20110.94%1.34%0.95%0.77%5.02%7.02%0.55%4.09%2.41%13.97%3.66%1.49%7.27%
20120.97%1.35%0.96%0.77%4.80%6.84%0.52%4.10%2.41%16.12%3.70%1.53%7.12%
20130.97%1.33%0.95%0.76%4.69%6.59%0.50%4.17%2.35%17.30%3.66%1.53%6.87%
20140.98%1.35%1.06%0.82%4.68%6.75%0.51%4.25%2.41%17.76%3.66%1.61%7.08%
20151.00%1.36%1.08%0.82%4.74%6.73%0.51%4.33%2.39%18.76%3.60%1.62%7.06%
20160.97%1.31%1.08%0.81%4.65%6.57%0.51%4.32%2.29%19.48%3.48%1.61%6.96%
20170.95%1.29%1.08%0.79%4.53%6.60%0.51%4.17%2.26%21.49%3.43%1.60%6.90%
VLBEDNKFINFRADEUIRLITANLDPRCESPSWEGBR
20050.88%1.29%0.85%0.84%5.24%7.36%0.43%4.09%2.29%7.83%2.96%1.61%7.71%
20060.88%1.28%0.84%0.83%5.19%7.27%0.44%4.13%2.33%9.23%3.17%1.58%7.74%
20070.92%1.29%0.85%0.83%5.12%7.11%0.47%4.22%2.29%10.27%3.24%1.57%7.72%
20080.87%1.26%0.82%0.80%5.16%6.90%0.49%4.15%2.22%11.38%3.35%1.45%7.21%
20090.88%1.30%0.84%0.79%5.15%7.01%0.50%4.15%2.33%12.14%3.49%1.47%7.30%
20100.92%1.32%0.89%0.79%5.06%6.98%0.53%4.19%2.40%13.40%3.56%1.52%7.33%
20110.94%1.34%0.95%0.77%5.02%7.02%0.55%4.09%2.41%13.97%3.66%1.49%7.27%
20120.97%1.35%0.96%0.77%4.80%6.84%0.52%4.10%2.41%16.12%3.70%1.53%7.12%
20130.97%1.33%0.95%0.76%4.69%6.59%0.50%4.17%2.35%17.30%3.66%1.53%6.87%
20140.98%1.35%1.06%0.82%4.68%6.75%0.51%4.25%2.41%17.76%3.66%1.61%7.08%
20151.00%1.36%1.08%0.82%4.74%6.73%0.51%4.33%2.39%18.76%3.60%1.62%7.06%
20160.97%1.31%1.08%0.81%4.65%6.57%0.51%4.32%2.29%19.48%3.48%1.61%6.96%
20170.95%1.29%1.08%0.79%4.53%6.60%0.51%4.17%2.26%21.49%3.43%1.60%6.90%
VLBEDNKFINFRADEUIRLITANLDPRCESPSWEGBR
20050.88%1.29%0.85%0.84%5.24%7.36%0.43%4.09%2.29%7.83%2.96%1.61%7.71%
20060.88%1.28%0.84%0.83%5.19%7.27%0.44%4.13%2.33%9.23%3.17%1.58%7.74%
20070.92%1.29%0.85%0.83%5.12%7.11%0.47%4.22%2.29%10.27%3.24%1.57%7.72%
20080.87%1.26%0.82%0.80%5.16%6.90%0.49%4.15%2.22%11.38%3.35%1.45%7.21%
20090.88%1.30%0.84%0.79%5.15%7.01%0.50%4.15%2.33%12.14%3.49%1.47%7.30%
20100.92%1.32%0.89%0.79%5.06%6.98%0.53%4.19%2.40%13.40%3.56%1.52%7.33%
20110.94%1.34%0.95%0.77%5.02%7.02%0.55%4.09%2.41%13.97%3.66%1.49%7.27%
20120.97%1.35%0.96%0.77%4.80%6.84%0.52%4.10%2.41%16.12%3.70%1.53%7.12%
20130.97%1.33%0.95%0.76%4.69%6.59%0.50%4.17%2.35%17.30%3.66%1.53%6.87%
20140.98%1.35%1.06%0.82%4.68%6.75%0.51%4.25%2.41%17.76%3.66%1.61%7.08%
20151.00%1.36%1.08%0.82%4.74%6.73%0.51%4.33%2.39%18.76%3.60%1.62%7.06%
20160.97%1.31%1.08%0.81%4.65%6.57%0.51%4.32%2.29%19.48%3.48%1.61%6.96%
20170.95%1.29%1.08%0.79%4.53%6.60%0.51%4.17%2.26%21.49%3.43%1.60%6.90%

Alle vakgebieden; zowel tijdschriftenliteratuur als bijdragen aan conferenties

De Vlaamse groeidynamiek wordt enkel door die van drie Europese referentielanden overtroffen (Denemarken, Ierland en Spanje). Het aandeel van de meeste landen is gedaald of constant gebleven. Opmerkelijk is daarnaast de enorme groei van China. Deze ontwikkeling is zonder weerga. Terwijl China’s aandeel in 2005 nog een positie vergelijkbaar met Duitsland en het Verenigd Koninkrijk inneemt, heeft China tegen 2017 alle referentielanden ver achter zich gelaten. Over een periode van 10 jaar is het aandeel bijna verdubbeld.
Binnen deze context van sterke toename van het totaal aantal publicaties opgenomen in de bibliografische databank is het opmerkelijk dat Vlaanderen er in slaagt om toch een stijging te realiseren in het eerste deel van de periode en het bereikte niveau kan handhaven.