7.3.5Bijlage

Bijlage 1: Samenstelling VRWI-werkgroep Ruimte(vaart)(onderzoek)

  • Anton De Proft, Septentrio (voorzitter)
  • Kristof Dessein/Bendix De Meulemeester, Umicore
  • Ramses Valvekens, Easics
  • Jurgen Laudus, Materialise
  • Koen Verhaert,    Verhaert New Products & Services
  • Frank Preud’homme, Qinetiq Space
  • Steven Wille, Sabca Limburg
  • Geert Adams, Newtec
  • Peter Grognard, Thales Alenia Space Belgium, Leuven Site
  • Hans Bracquené, VRI
  • Luc Peeters, Innotek
  • Freek Couttenier, Agoria
  • Benedikt Sas, UGent
  • Maarten Baes, UGent
  • Tine Baelmans, KU Leuven
  • Veerle Cauwenberg, KU Leuven
  • Floris Wuyts, UAntwerpen
  • Ken Haenen, UHasselt
  • Dominique Maes, VUB
  • Herman Deconinck, Von Karman Instituut
  • Ozlem Cangar/Anne Van den Bosch, IMEC
  • Steven Krekels, VITO
  • Wouter Haerick, iMinds
  • Karel Goossens, Dept. EWI

Bijlage 2: ESA-definities Technology Domains

  1. Onboard Data Systems: Addresses both spacecraft data management and payload data processing and covers the hardware and software required for data acquisition, data processing, storage for both payload and spacecraft data, onboard networking and the space-link network layer and above. 
  2. Space System Software: Addresses both space and ground segment. All basic techniques and technologies in the fields of software and Information Technology with respect to their application to space missions.
  3. Spacecraft Electrical Power: Addresses the techniques and technologies related to power system architecture, to power generation, distribution and conditioning and to energy storage.
  4. Spacecraft Environments and Effects: Space environmental effects are limiting on all space missions and need to be assessed during all mission phases. Assessment requires the creation of environment models and the knowledge of effects, which is obtained by inflight measurement and testing.
  5. Space System Control: Covers the design and implementation of control systems for space applications. Includes AOCS for satellites; GNC for space vehicles and launchers; pointing acquisition and tracking systems for antennas, laser terminals, and lineof-sight stabilization equipment.
  6. RF Systems, Payloads and Technologies: Covers all technologies and techniques operating in the RF domain related to satellite systems and networks, spacecraft payloads, instruments and specific ground equipment, for telecommunication, TT&C, navigation, Earth observation and space science, including security aspects.
  7. Electromagnetic Technologies and Techniques: Covers antennas and related technologies, wave interaction and propagation, and electromagnetic compatibility.
  8. System Design & Verification: Covers technology, methods and tools to support system engineering processes (specification, design, and verification) of space systems during the complete mission lifecycle (phases 0 to F). Focuses on reducing the schedule and/or cost of development of the space system (i.e. space and ground segment) whilst controlling quality and risk (mission success) to the required level. It covers new paradigms (e.g. model-based systems engineering), approaches and techniques for the development of space systems, which are mostly common to several service domains.
  9. Mission Operation and Ground Data Systems: Addresses aspects related to the control and operations of space system elements (satellites, transfer vehicles, orbiters, landers, probes, rovers, etc.) and related ground segments, addressing the technologies associated with supporting systems and tools.
  10. Flight Dynamics and GNSS: Comprises the activities related to the analysis and definition of trajectory aspects of space projects, known as mission analysis. It includes all operational ground activities related to the measurement and control of spacecraft orbit and attitude. Furthermore it deals with the provision of precise navigation services to both ground and spacebased users and also the provision of the geodetic reference frame.
  11. Space Debris: Covering all aspects related to knowledge of the meteoroid and debris nvironment including space surveillance, databases, assessing debris risk levels for current and future missions, reentry of space objects, hyper velocity impacts and protection, and mitigation measures.
  12. Ground Station Systems and Networks: This domain covers all elements and knowhow required for engineering of the facilities that connect the space segment with control centres. The application range covers high-performance deep-space stations to networks of small ground stations.
  13. Automation, Telepresence & Robotics: Covers the specification, development, verification, operation and utilisation of space automation systems. Such systems include (1) space robot systems (comprising both arm-based systems for inspection, servicing and assembly of space system infrastructure or payloads and mobile robots for surface exploration on celestial bodies) and (2) space laboratory automation and payload control systems in manned and unmanned missions.
  14. Life & Physical Sciences: Covers all technological aspects related to instrumentation in support of life and physical sciences, and for ensuring delivery of a complete system (instrument) technology. The objective is an optimised scientific return, the emphasis being rather on a consistent system philosophy than on the development of component technologies. Also includes the technologies and techniques relating to planetary protection, both sterilisation methods and technologies, and also system technologies needed to monitor contaminants.
  15. Mechanisms: All devices with moving parts (e.g. actuators, hold-down & release devices, pointing mechanisms, deployable booms, thrust vector control mechanisms); associated specific disciplines (such as tribology and pyrotechnics) and tools (such as mechanism and magnetic simulations).
  16. Optics: Addresses technologies and techniques for systems, instruments and components, as well as design, engineering and verification methods, in the field of optics.
  17. Optoelectronics: Covers the development and application of technologies combining photonics (i.e. circuits handling photons) with electronics to achieve given functions.
  18. Aerothermodynamics: Dynamics of gases (physical processes & modelling), especially of atmospheric interactions with moving objects at high speed. It encompasses the whole spectrum from takeoff to landing, but also orbital ascent/descent, aeroheating and thermodynamics of propulsion.
  19. Propulsion
  20. Structures: Technologies and methodologies related to design, analysis, manufacture and test of structures and mechanical systems for S/C, planetary infrastructures, habitats, launchers and reentry vehicles.  Includes metallic and non-metallic structures such as advanced deployable structures (solar array, radiator, shield and antenna structures), highly-loaded structures, highly-stable structures and hot structures.
  21. Thermal: Covers all technologies needed for the thermal control of space systems.
  22. Environmental Control & Life Support (ECLS) and In Situ Resource Utilisation (ISRU): Covers all technologies for controlling, maintaining and supporting human presence in space and the utilisation of local resources.
  23. EEE Components and Quality: Covers technologies related to the design, production and testing of EEE components which meet the performance and reliability requirements for use in onboard electric/electronic systems. 
  24. Materials and Processes: Covers the materials mechanics and processes, their physical and chemical behaviour and the interaction with the operational environment through the S/C and ground infrastructure lifecycle. Furthermore, all manufacturing processes are covered.
  25. Quality, Dependability and Safety: Covers the quality, reliability, availability, maintainability and safety of space systems and their constituents (hardware, software and the human element). It also addresses methods and tools for the assessment and management of technical risks associated with space systems and their operations.