7.5.1Characteristics of starting assistant professors

The number of assistant professors starting out each academic year has remained fairly unchanged between 1999 and 2006, apart from one exception in 2000. On average, 153 assistant professors have started each academic year. From 2007 until 2010 there has been a gradual increase of starting assistant professors. On average, 193 assistant professors started each academic year during this period. In the following period (from 2011 to 2016) there was no further increase; the two outliers in 2013 and 2014 (268 and 265 assistant professors respectively) are mostly related to the integration process of the university colleges, leading to a part of the college lecturers being transferred to the universities. The average number of new assistant professors from 2011 to 2016 was 229 (Figure 1).

In 1999-2000, less than one in four of the starting assistant professors were women. Their share has gradually increased to a maximum of 41% in 2016-2017. The starting assistant professors initially were mainly Belgians (96%). Over time, their share has gradually decreased to 77% in 2016-2017 (Figure 1).

The median age of starting assistant professors was slightly higher in the earlier cohorts (38 and 39 years in 1999-2000 and 2000-2001). From 2001-2002 till 2010-2011 the age at the start of the assistant professorship was lower (35 to 36 years). From 2011 there was again a slight increase to 36 to 37 years. Overall, there was no significant difference in starting age between men and women in the 1999-2016 period (Mann-Whithey U for independent groups, p = 0.9) (Figure 2).

Figure 1. Number of starting assistant professors, the share of women and the share of non-Belgians broken down by academic year of starting

Starting assistant professors (n)Women (%)non-Belgians (%)050100150200250300Number199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016Academic year of starting0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Share199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016 Starting assistant professors (n)Women (%)non-Belgians (%)050100150200250300Number199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016Academic year of starting0%20%40%60%80%100%Share199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016 Starting assistant professors (n)Women (%)non-Belgians (%)0100200300Number199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016Academic year of starting0%20%40%60%80%100%Share199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016

Figure 2. Median age of starting assistant professors broken down by the academic year of starting and gender

AllWomenMen33343536373839Age (years)199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016Academic year of starting33343536373839199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016 AllWomenMen33343536373839Age (years)199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016Academic year of starting33343536373839199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016 AllWomenMen343638Age (years)199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016Academic year of starting343638199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016