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4.4Innovation efforts of business enterprises
By Julie Delanote (KU Leuven), Cem Ermagen (KU Leuven), Machteld Hoskens (KU Leuven), Nima Moshgbar (KU Leuven), Kristof Van Criekingen (KU Leuven), and Laura Verheyden (KU Leuven).
Both the economic literature and the government acknowledge that innovation is one of the most important determinants of economic development, competition, and overall welfare. Therefore, the innovation efforts within the European Union are systematically being mapped, based on a survey that is in accordance to the principles as described in the Oslo Manual. The Community Innovation Survey (CIS) is commissioned by the European Commission (in particular Eurostat) and has been carried out in Flanders on a yearly basis between 1993 and 2005, and since 2005 on a biannual basis.
This report presents the main results of CIS2017, which has been carried out in 2017 by the Centre for R&D Monitoring (ECOOM). The Flemish region has been following the methodological recommendations which Eurostat has determined to conduct the questionnaire within the EU member states. An extensive overview of the methodology, the NACE sectors used, the definition of the size classes, and the respondents’ profile, can be found in the full report of the CIS2017.