6VARIO core indicators

By Kristien Vercoutere (VARIO)

In 2014, the Flemish Council for Science and Innovation (VRWI), the forerunner of the current Flemish Advisory Council for Innovation and Entreprise (VARIO), developed a set of indicators according to a new concept: the systematic linking of policy objectives in the domain of Economy, Science and Innovation (EWI) to measurable quantities (indicators). This resulted in a set of about fifty indicators that are divided into four broad categories according to four objectives, and that cover the broad spectrum of the research and innovation system. From these, a selection was made of 15 indicators commonly used internationally. These 15 so-called core indicators make it possible to systematically monitor structural developments in the Flemish S&I landscape. They 15 are shown below, according to the category to which they belong.

Objective 1: Sufficient resources for R&D

Are the resources for R&D, coming from the government and the business sector sufficient?

  • Indicator 1: GERD as % of GDP
  • Indicator 2: GBARD as % of GDP

Objective 2: Availability of highly qualified human capital

Does Flanders have a sufficiently large pool of well-trained knowledge workers?

  • Indicator 3: Percentage of diplomas in mathematics, science and technology in higher education compared to all diplomas in higher education
  • Indicator 4: New PhD holders per 1,000 inhabitants in the 25-34 age group
  • Indicator 5: Total R&D personnel per 1,000 labour force

Objective 3: Knowledge creation as a basis for innovation

Knowledge creation is crucial in a knowledge economy. Innovation and entrepreneurship can only thrive if there is a breeding ground for knowledge. Knowledge creation is based on excellent research. Is this research in Flanders sufficiently excellent and dynamic?

  • Indicator 6: Flemish publication output in SCIE database per 10,000 inhabitants
  • Indicator 7: MOCR/MECR (Mean Observed Citation Rate/Mean Expected Citation Rate)
  • Indicator 8: EU Framework Programme participation return according to GDP and population and refined by implementing sectors
  • Indicator 9: International co-publications per 10,000 inhabitants
  • Indicator 10: Share of foreign researchers among new doctorate holders at Flemish universities

Objective 4: An efficient and knowledge-intensive economic fabric

The knowledge created must find its way from the scientist to the business world where it is converted into high-quality products and applications for the global market. Is there a knowledge-intensive and innovative economic fabric that promotes entrepreneurship?

  • Indicator 11: Total number of innovative enterprises (% of number of enterprises in industry and services)
  • Indicator 12: High growth innovative enterprises
  • Indicator 13: Number of EPO patents applied for, number of USPTO patents granted and number of PCT patents applied for with Flemish inventor and/or applicant per million inhabitants
  • Indicator 14: HERD and GOVERD privately financed
  • Indicator 15: Internally innovative SMEs (% of number of SMEs in industry and services)